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Abortifacient Contraception

Infant Homicides through Contraceptives
Written and published by the Ad Hoc Commission to Study Abortion Deaths[1] 1994, revised 1998 and 2003

A Book Review by Thomas M. Reynolds

This review has two goals:

  • to educate/raise awareness, not to accuse or condemn 
  • to speak out for countless unborn human persons during their first few days of life prior to secure implantation in their mother’s uterus

Infant Homicides through Contraceptives is a thoroughly documented 63-page booklet in which the Rev. John A. Hardon, S.J. (now declared a Servant of God[2]), one of the commission’s two spiritual directors, stated, “Contraceptives themselves are homicidal drugs and devices. They are more widely lethal than the commonly known surgical forms of killing unborn children.”

Charles E. Rice, J.S.D. (professor emeritus at the University of Notre Dame Law School), one of 12 distinguished commission members, said, “Contraception is the defining evil of our time. Its legitimization leads inevitably, not only to abortion and euthanasia, but to a host of other evils, including promiscuity, divorce, pornography, and homosexual activity.”

Another commission member, Eugene F. Diamond, M.D. (professor of pediatrics and past pediatrics department chairman at Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine), explained the following:

These so-called contraceptives work primarily by their effect on the prevention of the implantation of the blastocyst. This anti-implantation is an abortifacient effect. To be truly pro-life requires that we go beyond surgical abortions to oppose those early abortions which result from pills and intrauterine devices. … these “silent” abortions [emphasis added].

The evidence speaks for itself.

The booklet’s major section, titled “Abortifacient Drugs and Devices: A Short Review,” written by Bogomir M. Kuhar, Pharm.D., B.S. Pharm., F.A.S.C.P., provides a thorough overview of the extensive research and data supporting the statements of Father Hardon, Professor Rice and Dr. Diamond. Dr. Kuhar is a clinical and consultant pharmacist, a pharmacology instructor, and the founder and executive director of Pharmacists for Life International ( He explains:

Infant Homicides through Contraceptives … clearly and unequivocally [provides] the conclusion that all steroid-based so-called “contraceptives” and many other products are abortifacient in some instances, often more than has been surmised previously....Having swallowed the poisonous lies of the pharmaceutical manufacturers and their financiers—such as the ubiquitous Rockefeller Foundation, Warren Buffet, and all their fellow travelers—many even so-called “pro-lifers” have fallen prey to the “contraceptive mentality,” which most often leads to the “abortion mentality.”

Aided by a biostatistician and an environmental epidemiologist from the University of Pittsburgh, a technical consultant from Ohio State University, statistics from contraceptives manufacturers and federal agencies, and voluminous amounts of documented scientific research, Dr. Kuhar describes how abortifacient contraceptives and devices function and estimates approximately how many early abortions they cause.

A staggering death toll

One of the three mechanisms of action that oral contraceptives (OCs, also known as “the pill”) have is preventing implantation/nidation of the newly conceived baby in the lining (endometrium) of the mother’s womb. It has been estimated by various sources that this abortifacient action comes into play anywhere from 2% to 10% (and at times higher) of female cycles per year.

Dr. Kuhar has calculated the likely number of abortions caused by OCs. Taking into account the estimated number of OC prescriptions written and refilled each year, data on the breakthrough ovulation rate while using OCs, and the 25% overall fertilization rate for “normally fertile couples of average sexual activity,” he estimates that OCs cause 600,000-3,000,000 abortions annually.

Both Depo-Provera, an injection, and Norplant, an implant, function by the same three mechanisms of action as OCs, including the prevention of implantation. [Norplant was withdrawn from the U.S. market in 2002 and replaced by Implanon which is “a different trademark for the same basic item” (correspondence with Dr. Kuhar on 8/12/12).]  Dr. Kuhar calculates that Depo-Provera causes 1,800,000-2,700,000 abortions in the U.S. annually, and that Norplant (Implanon) causes 330,000-2,100,000 abortions annually.

With regard to intrauterine devices (IUDs), Dr. Kuhar points out that they are “primarily” [correspondence with Dr. Kuhar on 4/28/2012] abortifacients, rather than contraceptives, because “IUDs do not [“primarily”] prevent ovulation (despite a recent disinformation campaign by population control groups and manufacturers).” Instead, they “kill preborn children…via two mechanisms of action: interfering with enzymatic processes (as in the case of copper) or interfering with implantation/nidation of the 5 to 14-day old embryo (baby) by chemical or mechanical inflammation of the endometrium.” Based on the estimated number of IUD users in the U.S., the overall fertilization rate, and the known “IUD user unplanned continued pregnancy rate,” he calculates that IUDs cause 3,825,000 abortions annually.

According to Dr. Kuhar’s estimates, which he describes as conservative, in the U.S., between 1973 and 1996, the total number of abortions caused each year by the use of OCs, Depo-Provera, Norplant (Implanon), and IUDs ranges between 6,555,000 and 11,625,000. This figure is significantly higher than the total number of surgical, prostaglandin, and saline abortions committed each year during the same time period (1,350,000–1,400,000, based on data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Guttmacher Institute).

Now multiply these figures for contraceptive and IUD-induced abortions by the number of years since 1973, and you will see the staggering death toll resulting from the intrinsic evil of contraception!

Personalizing the data

On January 9, 2012, the following email was sent to Dr. Kuhar: “Would you write for me the expected (average?) abortion rate for an individual who uses any of these drugs or any of these devices? This information will personalize/individualize the data for an individual using or considering using them.”

Dr. Kuhar’s answer came later in the day:

The estimate we developed when writing the original piece in the 1990s was approximately 0.8 chemical/mechanical abortions per year per female user, [which,] rounded up, means approximately 1/abortion/year/user It is only an estimate [emphasis added]. I hope that helps.

To reiterate: There is approximately one contraceptive or IUD-induced abortion each year among those who use these abortifacient contraceptives or IUDs. There could be more or fewer for each user, depending on the chemicals or devices used, and other factors such as hormonal variations, disease states, nutrition, and use of other drugs.

Are the scales falling from our eyes? If not, please reread the previous two paragraphs. Given these facts, the relative silence (among most Catholics—both clergy and laity—and others who profess to be pro-life) regarding the intrinsic evil of contraception must be reversed. Our unborn brothers and sisters cannot speak for or defend themselves.  And our vulnerable young people—our unaware and unsuspecting lambs—must be educated about these realities in every available forum. There’s no time to waste! This is a matter of life and death!

[Note: Abortifacient Contraception is a significant modification of an article published by American Life League: Thomas Reynolds, “The unheard-of holocaust: Abortifacient contraception”, Celebrate Life, July-August 2012.  Infant Homicides through Contraceptives is available from American Life League (see www.ProLifeGear.comor call 866-538-5483). For more information on the devastation caused by contraception and IUDs, see]

About the author: Thomas M. Reynolds lives in Hopewell Junction, New York, and is a member of St. Denis Parish.  He and his wife, Rita, have five adult children and seven grandchildren (and counting).  Mr. Reynolds has a bachelor’s in philosophy and master’s degrees in education, theology, and religious education.  He has served the New York Archdiocese as a presenter in the Pre Cana program and teacher in the Diaconate Formation Program.

[1] Commission members: Eugene F. Diamond, M.D.; Thomas W. Hilgers, M.D.; James Hitchcock, Ph.D.; John F. Kippley; Bogomir M. Kuhar, Pharm.D; James Likoudis; Thomas P. Monaghan, Esq.; Rev. Thomas J. O’Donnell, S.J.; Wanda Poltawska, Ph.D.; Herbert Ratner, M.D.; Charles E. Rice, Ph.D; William J. Smith, R.I.P.  Spiritual Directors: Rev. John A. Hardon, S.J., S.T.D., R.I.P.; Rev. Edmund F. McCaffrey, Ph.D. For more information:

[2]Servant of God: Usually the process of recognizing that a deceased person is a saint progresses through specific stages. The titles granted along the way are Servant of God, Venerable, Blessed and, finally, Saint.